Paul Victor Jules Signac (1863–1935)
Signac was largely a self-taught artist. While his early work demonstrates the influence of the Impressionists, particularly Monet and Sisley, it was Georges Seurat who ultimately shaped his artistic development. The two artists met in 1884, the same year that Signac helped to found the Société des Artistes Indépendants. Seurat was deeply interested in the theory and science of colour. He developed a system of painting in small dots, of pure colour; a method he termed ‘Divisionism’ (also known as Pointillism or Neo-Impressionism). With Seurat’s encouragement, Signac, adopted this method. In 1899 he published ‘D’Eugène Delacroix au Néo-Impressionnisme’ in which he explained and defended Divisionism ref?. Signac painted a number of figurative paintings prior to 1900, but for the most part he dedicated himself to painting landscapes, seascapes and harbour scenes.