Painting materials available in 19th century France

Paint

Due to the increasing popularity of outdoor painting in central Europe during the 19th century, a wider range of equipment became available specifically for that purpose. Monet benefited from the new range of canvases and boards available in many sizes and surface finishes. He also welcomed the invention of pre-formulated oil paint, sold in metal tubes.

Materials in cross-section

Materials in cross-section

This cross-section image shows the build-up of layers in an oil painting on canvas.

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Priming Layer

Priming Layer 

The canvas is commercially prepared with a pale greyish-pink priming layer.

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Painting Materials

Tube Paints 

Monet used commercially produced oil paint, sold in tubes.

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The canvas

Canvas

The canvas Monet used for this painting was purchased from the Paris-based supplier Alexis Ottoz.

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