Maclise references a number of famous artworks in this painting. In 1830, on a visit to Paris, he came into contact with the works of Théodore Gericault (1791-1824), Eugéne Delacroix (1798-1863) and Jacques-Louis David (1748-1825) in the Louvre and at Versailles. These artists were to have a lasting influence on his work. The mass of dead and dying figures in the foreground of the painting may be a reference to Théodore Géricault’s painting Raft of the Medusa (1819) which depicts a group of shipwreck survivors and twisted corpses clinging to a raft. Maclise’s dramatic use of light and shade is reminiscent of Jacques-Louis David’s The Funeral of Patroclus (1778) (left).