Paul Victor Jules Signac (1863–1935)

Signac was largely a self-taught artist. While his early work demonstrates the influence of the Impressionists, particularly Monet and Sisley, it was Georges Seurat who ultimately shaped his artistic development. The two artists met in 1884, the same year that Signac helped to found the Société des Artistes Indépendants. Seurat was deeply interested in the theory and science of colour. He developed a system of painting in small dots, of pure colour; a method he termed ‘Divisionism’ (also known as Pointillism or Neo-Impressionism). With Seurat’s encouragement, Signac, adopted this method. In 1899 he published ‘D’Eugène Delacroix au Néo-Impressionnisme’  in which he explained and defended Divisionism ref?. Signac painted a number of figurative paintings prior to 1900, but for the most part he dedicated himself to painting landscapes, seascapes and harbour scenes.

Paul Cézanne (1839–1906)

Cézanne was born in Aix-en-Provence. He attended the Académie Suisse in Paris, where he became friends with Camille Pissarro. Although Cézanne painted alongside Pissarro at Pontoise in the early 1870s and exhibited at the Impressionist exhibitions of 1874 and, 1877, he remained a highly independent artist. His favoured subjects were landscapes and still-lifes. Painting in fragmented patches and planes of colour he aspired to convey the physical essence of objects and space through his art. Considered a key figure in the development of twentieth century painting; Cézanne’s innovative style greatly informed the work of Matisse and Picasso.